Possible additional risk factors for the development of post-stroke spasticity include:
- smoking (defined as current and past smokers)9,18
- left-sided stroke9
- enhanced manual activities prior to the stroke9
This tool is based on the clinical expertise of Dr Rhoda Allison, Dr Ganesh Bavikatte, Professor Philippe Marque, Associate Professor Barry Rawicki, Dr Maria Matilde de Mello Sposito, Dr Paul Winston and Professor Jörg Wissel.